6 Ways to boost your brain power

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Listen to music
The studies have been shown that when you hear music your grey matter lights up, because of the sound, parts of your brain become much more active. There are some of the cases present in which improvement is shown after doctors are using music therapy on them.
For example music therapy improves the memories and cognitive abilities of Alzheimer’s patients.

Deep breathing exercises

Deep breath exercise can provide real and physiological benefits and it also help in the activation of unconscious mind. Many experts suggest that, for the effective functioning of your brain try alternating pressing on each nostril, so that you only breathe through one side of your nose at a time.

Play a game
Brain- training also activate or boost up the brain functioning & games are the best way for brain training. In a study about 800 students received luminosity training while 400 students receive just a regular teaching, the students who receive brain training perform better than those students who receive regular training on a brain performance test.

Regular exercise
Regular exercise is good for the active functioning of your brain. A study in California is published in “trends in neuroscience” found that exercise increases the levels of certain compounds which plays an important role in the functioning of the brain and also in promoting brain plasticity, another study published in a journal “cell metabolism” found that by the help of exercise increment of protein is occur which can improve the cognitive function. So, exercise activate the brain functioning.

Learn any language
Some of the studies also found that learning can grow certain parts of your brain. Scientists compared people who had to learn a language and other people who had to learn a lot of information in a short period of time and they found that those people who learned a language showed better result and the growth of hippocampus & central cortex.

At the time of meditation, brain can process more emotions and thoughts. Studies also found that meditation improves the memory, focus and creativity.


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Diabetes is known as diabetes mellitus, in this the blood sugar level (glucose level) of the person get increase due to the poor secretion of insulin or body cells do not response properly towards insulin, which results in frequent urination, increase in hunger and thirst.
Long term complication in diabetes can cause other diseases like heart diseases, kidney diseases, also lead to blindness.


There are three types of diabetes—
Type1—in this body is not capable to produce enough insulin that’s why is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes.
This is not common type of diabetes, approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1.

Type 2 – this is the condition in which cells are failed to respond to insulin properly (insulin resistance). This is also referred to as non insulin-dependent mellitus (NIDDM) or adult onset diabetes.
Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type. Overweight and obese people have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to those with a healthy body weight

Gestational Diabetes – this is the third type of diabetes which is occur when pregnant women without previous history develop a high blood glucose level.
Undiagnosed diabetes can increase the complications risk during childbirth.


• Eye complications – glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, and some others.
• Foot complications – neuropathy, ulcers, and sometimes gangrene which may require that the foot be amputated
• Skin complications – people with diabetes are more susceptible to skin infections and skin disorders
• Heart problems – such as ischemic heart disease, when the blood supply to the heart muscle is diminished
• Hypertension – common in people with diabetes, which can raise the risk of kidney disease, eye problems, heart attack and stroke
• Mental health – uncontrolled diabetes raises the risk of suffering from depression, anxiety and some other mental disorders
• Hearing loss – diabetes patients have a higher risk of developing hearing problems
• Gum disease – there is a much higher prevalence of gum disease among diabetes patients
• Gastroparesis – the muscles of the stomach stop working properly
• Ketoacidosis – a combination of ketosis and acidosis; accumulation of ketone bodies and acidity in the blood.
• Neuropathy – diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage which can lead to several different problems.
• HHNS (Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome) – blood glucose levels shoot up too high, and there are no ketones present in the blood or urine. It is an emergency condition.
• Nephropathy – uncontrolled blood pressure can lead to kidney disease
• PAD (peripheral arterial disease) – symptoms may include pain in the leg, tingling and sometimes problems walking properly
• Stroke – if blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood glucose levels are not controlled, the risk of stroke increases significantly
• Erectile dysfunction – male impotence.
• Infections – people with badly controlled diabetes are much more susceptible to infections
• Healing of wounds – cuts and lesions take much longer to heal.


• Frequent urination
• Disproportionate thirst
• Intense hunger
• Weight gain
• Unusual weight loss
• Increased fatigue
• Irritability
• Blurred vision
• Cuts and bruises don’t heal properly or quickly
• More skin and/or yeast infections
• Itchy skin
• Gums are red and/or swollen – Gums pull away from teeth
• Frequent gum disease/infection
• Numbness or tingling, especially in your feet and hands


The causes of diabetes depend on the family history, genetic makeup, health & environmental factors.
Type 1:
In this type of diabetes immune system destroy the cells which makes insulin, this is called autoimmune reaction because in this body attack itself.
Some of the causes which trigger the diabetes are:–
• Viral Or bacterial infection
• Chemical toxins
• Unidentified components

Type 2:
In type 2 diabetes, more than one cause is involved in which Family history plays an important role. Some of the causes include
• Obesity
• Lifestyle
• Bad diet
• Increase age

Gestational diabetes:
Causes of gestational diabetes include
• Family history
• Overweight
• Suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome
• Have had a large baby weighing over 9lb

Source- 1 2 3

Benefits of green tea:

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Green tea is one of the healthiest drinks. It contains antioxidants which help in removing the toxins of the body some of the benefits of green tea are here in the list.

• Weight Loss:
Green tea helps in increasing the metabolism of the body. A chemical compound called polyphenol is present in green tea which intensifies fat oxidation levels and also increases the rate of conversion of food into calories.

• Diabetes:
Green tea maintains the level of glucose by slowing the process of rise in blood sugar level after eating.

• Heart Disease:
Researchers think that green tea works on the lining of blood vessels and keep them relaxed and also protect against clots formation which is the primary cause of heart attack.

• Oesophageal Cancer:
Green tea is very helpful in increasing the metabolism as well as it prevent oesophagus cancer, it generally kills the cancer cells without damaging the healthy cells or can say Green tea can reduce the spreading of cancer.

• Cholesterol:
Green tea improves the level of good cholesterol by reducing the bad cholesterol.

• Tooth Decay:
An antioxidant “catechin” of tea name helps in destroying the viruses and bacteria that are responsible for the dental caries and throat infections.

• Blood Pressure:
Green tea is a good source of reducing the high blood pressure.

• Depression:
Amino acid called theanine found in the leaves of green tea that can help in depression because it provides a relaxing effect to the person.

• Anti-viral and Anti-bacterial:
Green tea have a chemical compound called catechins which is a strong antiviral and antibacterial agents which help in treating everything from influenza to cancer Green tea also inhibits the spreading of the diseases.

• Skincare:
Antioxidants and anti-inflammatory active compounds of green tea help in controlling the signs of aging as well as wrinkles. This is demonstrated from the studies that green tea reduces the sun damage.


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Dr. T.A.Rana, MD(Dermatology), MBBS, is welcomed to medicoSA—Global Healthcare Ecosystem on Cloud.

Dr. T.A Rana is a Director of Skin Laser Centre (A Research institute) Noida and Senior Consultant Dermatologist at Shri Ram Hospital and Heart Institute Delhi and Goodwill Hospital Noida. Dr. T.A Rana is a Member of IMA (Indian Medical Association), IADVL (Indian Association of Dermatologist Venereologist Leprologist), IACLS (Indian Association of Cosmetic Laser surgeon) and AAD (American Academy of Dermatology).Member of ECAM(European college of aesthetic medicine) Member of ISDS(International society of dermatology surgeons)



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How to diagnose cancer?

Timely detection of cancer helps in the treatment and survival of the patient. Medical Tools like X-rays, CT-scans, MRI Scans, PET Scans and Ultrasound Scans are used regularly in the detection of tumors that where the tumor is located or which part of the body is affected by tumor.
Endoscopy is also used by the doctors who help in detecting the abnormalities in the body of a patient.
For the diagnosis of cancer, cancer cells have been extracted from the body & by the microscope know about the cancer. This is called biopsy. Also the physicians analyze the sugar, fats, proteins and DNA of the body at a molecular level.
All these techniques are used to detect the cancer in human body.

Detection of stages of cancer:

After diagnosis, doctors determine the stages of the cancer or detect that how far cancer has spread.
The common method of staging i.e. cancer staging method called TNM system, in which:
T (1-4) indicates size of primary tumor.
N (0-3) indicates the degree to which cancer spread.
M (0-1) indicates whether cancer has metastasized to other organs.
From 0 to 4, lower number indicate, les spread of cancer in which stage 1 is curable while stage 4 is untreatable.

Treatment of cancer:

Treatment depends on the stage of cancer, type of cancer, age, status of your health.
Treatment of cancer includes the following ways:–
• Surgery
• Radiation
• Chemotherapy
• Immunotherapy
• Hormone therapy
• Gene therapy

Surgery: surgery is one of the old techniques for cancer. In this, tumor is removed and surgeon also takes a small portion of healthy tissue as a margin so that no malignant cells are left behind.

Radiation: in this technique cancer cells are destroy by the help of radiations or high- energy rays. This technique is known as radiotherapy. Radiotherapy can shrink a tumor & destroy the cancer cells. It is used with the combination of other treatments.

Chemotherapy: In chemotherapy, chemicals are used which interfere cell division process by damaging protein or DNA of the cancer cells or those cells which are dividing rapidly. This technique is also used with other techniques.

Immunotherapy: This therapy induces the fighting ability in the immune system of the body which helps in preventing the cells from cancer.

Hormone therapy: The productions of hormones which are connected with cancer get alter in this technique which results in the damage of cancer cells.

Gene therapy: damaged genes can be replaced in this therapy.


Foods that prevent from cancer

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Cancer is one of the chronic diseases which affect the people in maximum quantity. But we can prevent it with the healthy diet and some of them are given below which can help in the prevention of cancer.
A compound is present in cabbage called indole-3-carbinol which fights with estrogen, that estrogen is responsible for the breast cancer development. This compound indole-3-carbinol converts estrogen’s harmful effect into useful compounds.

Cauliflower fight with the cancer, It is an antioxidant and it also has anti-inflammatory properties. Cauliflower reduces the risk of bladder cancer, ovarian cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer and prostate cancer.

Mushrooms help in reducing the risk of diabetes and boost the immunity of the person. It is a good source of vitamin B and iron provides prevention through allergies, high cholesterol and tumors.
Mushrooms also counteract the side effects like nausea which is related to cancer therapies.

Sulforaphaneis a compound present in cruciferous vegetables which help in the prevention of cancer development. Best way to get the benefits of broccoli is the broccoli sprouts.

Carrots can help in reducing the risk of lung cancer, mouth cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, bladder cancer, throat cancer, stomach cancer, and intestine cancer.

Sweet potatoes:
Sweet potato contains polyphenol antioxidants caffeic acid and di & tri-caffeoylquinic acids which help in the reduction of lung cancer, gall bladder cancer, liver cancer, kidney cancer and breast cancer.

Grapefruit fight with the diabetes and cancer and it also provide detox to the body. Consumption of grapefruit with medication can lead to dangerous side effects.

Proanthocyanidins a chemical which is present in the seed of grape that reduce colon cancer, breast cancer and prostate cancer

Tomato contains lycopene which can fight with cancer. Lycopene is an antioxidant which fights free radicals and cancer cells. Tomatoes are the good source of vitamin A, C & E and prevent from breast cancer, prostate cancer, mouth cancer, pancreas cancer, colon cancer

Antioxidants present in raspberries help in the reduction of stomach cancer, colon cancer and breast cancer. Ellagic acid of raspberry prevent from skin, bladder, lung and oesophagus cancer.

Papaya is a superfood for cancer, isothiocyanates a compound present in papayas which protects the cells from cancer & beta carotene & lycopene are effective for reducing free radicals.

Oranges and lime:
Orange and lime can help in boosting your immunity because it contains limonene which produces cancer killing immune cells.

Flaxseeds help in curing prostate cancer and breast cancer and also prevent the growth of cancerous cells and spread of cancerous cells.

Garlic is a good source to reduce some cancers such as colon cancer, oesophagus cancer, stomach cancer, breast cancer and pancreas cancer.

According to Indian ayurveda, turmeric has several medicinal properties, it has a chemical compound called curcumin which slow down the growth and spread of cancer

Green Tea:
Green tea is very helpful in increasing the metabolism as well as it prevent oesophagus cancer, it is generally kills the cancer cells without damaging the healthy cells or can say Green tea can reduce the spreading of cancer.

Soy Products:
Soy products can help in fighting with cholesterol and blood pressure. Chemicals of soy help in reducing the risk of prostate and breast cancer.

A chemical compound called lycopene is present in watermelon which can fight cancer.


Eyes reveal about the health of your body

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Eyes are the best indicator of your health. Some of the eye symptoms detect about the health of your body.

Shows—Sign of high Blood Pressure
When optician checks your eye, they see the tiny blood vessels of your retina and in high blood pressure twisted blood vessels will appear or eye looks red due to these eye vessels.

Shows—sign of diabetes
Small tear in retina or fat deposits which is yellow in color shows the sign of Type 2 diabetes. Early diagnosis can help in better treatment of long term problems.

Shows—sign of high cholesterol
Iris is the colored part of the eye and a ring of white color around the iris show the sign of high cholesterol level.
Xanthelasmas, is a fat which is deposited around your eyelids this symptom shows the high risk of heart diseases.

Shows—sign of stroke & tumor
Difference in size of the pupil cannot be good, it shows the sign of the problems like stroke, brain or optic nerve tumor while healthy eyes are of same size.

Shows—sign of anemia
When lower inner eyelids become pale in color, it is the sign of anemia or iron deficiency. Anemia can be a sign of internal bleeding.

Shows—sign of stroke or temporary facial paralysis
This shows the sign of stroke & temporary facial paralysis which is also a symptom of brain tumor or myasthenia gravis.

Shows—sign of thyroid
Tissue around the eye get swell, when the level of thyroid hormones become abnormal.

Shows—sign of liver disease
Condition of liver including hepatitis & cirrhosis which shows these symptoms, the change in color of eye is due to the bilirubin which is a chemical produce by the breakdown of hemoglobin.


Cannabis reduce the growth of tumor

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Researchers of university of East Anglia have found that cannabis reduce the growth of tumor in cancer patient and they hope that this research help in the development of synthetic equivalent with anti-cancer properties.

Researcher team induce tumor through the sample of human cancer cell in mice. After that they target the cancer/tumor with the dose of cannabis compound i.e. THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) & they found that two cells receptors were responsible for drug’s anti tumor effects.

Peter McCormick from UEA said, “THC has anti-cancer properties, this compound is known to act through a specific family of cell receptors called cannabinoid receptors but it is still not clear that which of these receptors have this anti-tumor effect.

He said “the finding also helps in explaining the effects of THC at low & high doses on tumor growth. This must be interesting to know the molecular mechanisms behind how marijuana & THC influence cancer pathology “. And they hope that this research help in the development of therapeutics, which is available in future for the reduction of tumor growth.


Dry eyes & Contact Lenses:

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A contact lens properly fit, float on the thin film of tear fluid. When you blink, this fluid between eye & contact lens replaced with the fresh fluid.
Dry eyes can be cause due to contact lenses, as contact lenses need moisture so they draw the moisture from the surface of the tear film of your eyes and hydrate the lenses. For the reduction of this discomfort the people who wear contact lenses, are using lubricating eye drops.
Irritation of dry eyes is caused by lack of lubrication or moisture. Dry eyes can also be caused by other factors:
• Environmental factors—environmental factors include the air particles, pollutants, smoke of cigarette and dust. Ceiling fans & motorcycles are also included in environmental factors which make dry eyes worse.

• Use of computers—excess use of computers can reduce the blinking capacity from which your eyes become dry.

• Medicines—some medicines like antihistamine, antidepressants may cause dry eyes, dry skin, and dry mouth. For the reduction of these side effects people must check the labels of medicines.

• Dehydration – dehydration is also one of the major cause of dry eyes, hydration is needed for the proper functioning. In dehydration amount of water is reduce which create problem in proper functioning and causes dry eyes.