Toxicology-Determining dosage of ‘Poison’

toxicologist in delhiThere is a famous quotation prevalent among the masses-“The dose makes the poison”. It implies that everything in this world is poisonous in its own right and the only thing which makes a substance more or less poisonous is the amount of intake. Even the medicine used to treat a disease can act as poison if not taken in appropriate dose. The question here is-“Who decides the appropriate amount for a substance so that it is not poisonous”? The answer to this question lies in the field of medical science.

Toxicology is a branch of chemistry, biology and medicine which studies the adverse effects of chemicals on the living organisms. It studies the relationship between the dose of a particular chemical and the effect it has on the body of the subject. Based on the results of these studies, toxicologists determine the right amount of a chemical to be used for useful purposes.

Besides doses, a number of other factors like age, sex, species, health and environment play a major role in determining chemical toxicity. Tests to determine toxicity have developed over time and from testing these doses on poor animals, we have reached a stage when all the work is done on the computer with help of advanced simulation techniques.

Job of a Toxicologist is more research oriented the results of which are useful for future experiments. The compensation of this job depends upon schooling and specialization but all things assured, it has huge scope in many fields provided the person is enthusiastic with willingness to learn. By- Vatsal

To decide what to do and when to do and how to do and why to do, the perks of being a pharmacologist!

    clinical Pharmacologist in Delhi

A Clinical Pharmacologist is a Medical Professional who has specialized training in studying the various effects of a drug on our body. They usually hold a M.D. or a PhD degree in Pharmacology.They undergo special training under expert guidance, in formulating new drugs, their pre-clinical & clinical trials, index assigning and preparing the antidote for the same drug. Clinical Pharmacology can be divided into two spate sections:

1) One, who deals with formulation.

2) Other one, who deals with its testing and safety index.

Clinical Pharmacology has become one of the major medical branch in Delhi. One reason for this is, an increased demand of the drugs due to the ever increasing spread of diseases and health related ailments.In Delhi, a pharmacologist not only assigns a safety value to a drug, but also studies the all possible adverse effects, and their management as well. This even includes preparation & testing of the Anti-Dote.

When a famous clinical pharmacologist was interviewed about his point on this field, “Being a clinical pharmacologist and working in a lab is similar to drive a racing car on a terrain. It’s fun, it’s thrilling, but at the same time, dangerous. Studying about the drugs, their effects and their mechanisms, all are very fascinating. However, an inch of faulty formulation, makes the whole drug lethal” By- Dt. Trishala Chopra

If a stitch in time saves nine, a stitch by an orthopedic saves 99!

Orthopaedics in Delhi

Orthopedics is the branch of Surgical Medicine that deals with management of Soft & Hard Connective Tissues of the human body, those being Long Bones, Joints, and Muscles & Ligaments.This branch of surgery involves use of various techniques in comprehensively managing the conditions. Most commonly encountered conditions in Delhi are:

1.) Knee Osteo-Arthritis

2.) Knee Rheumatoid-Arthritis

3.) Ligament Tear

4.) Shoulder Joint Peri-Arthritis

5.) Shoulder Joint Capsular Adhesion

6.) Lumbar Spondylosis

7.) Cervical Spondylosis

8.) Fusing of vertebrae (Ankylosing Spondylosis)

9.) Management of Joint Dislocations

The technique of managing entirely depends on the condition of the part, and not on the type of injury i.e. Acute or Chronic.Eg: If a patient reports an injury due to fall, the damaged part will be inspected, and depending on that parameters, the management will either be Conservative (Time-Based Healing) Or based on surgical implants.Usually following extensive degenerative changes in joints, such as Osteo-porosis, Osteo-Petrosis, Osteo-Arthritis or Rheumatoid-Arthritis, the joint’s condition becomes so deteriorated that the orthopedic has no option, but to surgically replace it. This is usually common, following a case of Total Hip Replacement.

Due to the High-Tech Medico Facilities in our capital New Delhi, these critical surgeries have now become a usual encounter. An average no. of orthopedic surgeries in Delhi ranges from 35-42 per day!This shows that a lot many cases are being surgically managed, rather than the time based conservative management.Post-Operative management forms an important aspect of the treatment in orthopedics. This is usually handled by a Physio-Therapist.

By – Trishala

Neonatology- Care at Birth

newbornLife is a gift by god to mankind. It is most disheartening to see one of our loved ones depart this world. What is more damning is if that someone was still young who had so much to offer. When people die in their 30’s, it is said that the person ‘died young’. What of the numerous infants who lost their lives even before they could start living it? Sadly this was the situation faced by the world in 1860’s when the infant mortality rate was on a high and corrective means were tough to come by because the body of an infant is very much prone to infections.

It was in these circumstances that a sub specialty to pediatrics, a Children Specialty, was introduced which was named neonatology. Neonatology dealt with the medical care of newborns and infants. Slowly this became a widespread branch due to the sheer number of complexities the process of childbirth is prone to. From premature birth to growth problems, this branch deals with every aspect of newborn sickness. Primarily a hospital based specialty, most of the care is given in intensive care units.

Neonatology has had a major hand in decreasing the mortality rate of infants throughout the world. Its impact has been such that it is difficult to produce it in words. Just the fact that neonatologists are responsible for giving the life to a sick infant is magical enough to make this job such a beautiful prospect. By- Vatsal Gupta

For more info: Newborn specialist in Delhi

The only doctor you can trust with his words these days is your family doctor

                                  family-practice-in-Delhi

Health care industry is growing ever since the evolution of technology, everyday there is a new research being published, new disease being evolved and what not! But what remains constant is the family practice and importance of a general physician who is someone’s family doctor too! No one can understand the issue better! He is more of a family…isn’t it?Family physicians that carry out family practice are not selective! They can treat a person of any age group, any disease or issue unlike other specialities who restrict themselves to a particular organ or particular physiological state. These specialists are increasing the complexity of the health care system every possible day!

N number of physicians in Delhi and most of them carry out family practice! The fresher’s might not be, but the ones with experience are definitely there! Get a list of these experienced physicians right there with Medicosa! Download the application and make your life simpler!

This idea of family practice had actually evolved since 1969 soon after India got independent however it was not at that level during those times, it has hyped because of the technology though! Because of a thorough general knowledge about every ailment, these doctors have a superiority but it really sad to see that these doctors are losing out their importance because of the specialists. Nowadays it is said that life is nothing without one degree, work harder to achieve one.. By-Trishala

For more info: Family Physician in New Delhi

Know about psychiatry with a little more intensity

psychiatrist in Delhi

Have you seen someone become a bit differently like you do? You might have even called that person mad or abnormal knowingly or unknowingly! It is okay. But these people are not mad…they are just a bit different ? not everyone can understand this! But psychiatrists do… these people are trained in dealing with different people! Its not everyone’s cup of tea to do so ? Delhi has the best doctors which could help in treating you or atleast managing your issues!

Mental disorders are either genetic or sometimes it is acquired with some circumstances which are bound to happen! Shock, loss of near and dear ones, age or heartbreak can lead to such disorders.

The exact causes of the disorders are not clear but here is a jist which might help you and these are sometimes also called as organic mental disorders: –

Metabolic Causes

Hypoxia

Hypoglycemia

Cardiac Failure

Water & Electrolyte Imbalance

Endocrine Causes

Hypo/Hyper Pitutarism

Hypo/Hyper Thyroidism

Hypo/Hyper Parathyroidism

Hypo/Hyper Adrenalism

Drugs & Poisons

Digitalis, Quinidine, Anti-Hypertensive Drugs

Alcohol & Sedatives

Anti-Convulsants

Nutritional Deficiency

Thiamine, Niacin, Pyridoxine, Folic Acid

Systemic Infections

Pneumonia, Septicemia, Endocarditis

Intra-Cranial Causes

Epilepsy

Head Injury

Meningitis

Migraine

Stroke

Post-Operative States

ICU Delirium

Others

Heat

Electricity

Radiation

Schizophrenia is another common mental & behavioural disorder which is characterized by:

Thought & Speech Disorders

Hallucinations

Mood disorders

Drugs commonly used in management of mental disorders are:

Anti-Psychotics

Anti-Depressants

Mood Stabilizing Drugs

Anti-Anxiety Drugs

Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs

Miscellaneous (Stimulants) By – Trishala

Old wine in a new bottle- clinical pathology

Clinical Pathologist in Delhi

Specialised medical personnel governing almost all of the unique aspects of the path-labs are termed in general as Clinical Pathologists. Under this umbrella fall various laboratories, blood banks, and clinics for various aspects of the wide branches of pathology. And all this falls under what is known as Clinical pathology.This is further divided into stems of the medicinal body- including clinical, anatomical pathology, hematology, hematopathology, microbiology and blood banking. More enhanced technologies are developing, entailing proteomics, molecular diagnostics, etc. Most of these terms however, are overlapping aspects. Many areas are common to the varied aspects.

That branch of clinical pathology that is by far concerned with the diagnosis and testing offluids from an individual’s body, is known as clinical chemistry. Then, there is clinical hematology, the umbrella term used to denote all aspects of blood-banking. Hematopatholgy and microbiology all fall under the same category too. Often, pathologists, including clinical pathologists, practice both, anatomical and clinical pathology, which is sometimes broadly known as general or generalised pathology.

The study of samples in clinical pathology can fall under two big headings: macroscopic and microscopic, that is to the lay man, that which can be seen with the naked unaided eye, and that which cannot. The direct visual examination and assessment of the given or obtained sample, which may be a liquid, is the primary and usually most significant indication for the researcher or the doctor involved. The characteristics of the liquid, also help to ascertain the previously obtained analytical assumptions and conclusions.

It is important to note that even though clinical pathology has been around for a fairly long time, yet it has loads to develop and broaden. They undergo monthly, weekly, even daily maintenances to make sure that they perform to their optimum level and that they are as efficient as the concept was meant to be when it was first developed. By – Rounak Bose

Cardiothoracic- Keeps the heart beating.

Cardio Thoracic Surgery in Delhi

The heart is a peculiar organ. On no other organ is the body dependent on more than what it depends on heart. If the heart stops beating, there is no other alternative except death. A person can live without many organs, but the one indispensible organ is heart. In years gone by, it used to difficult to treat diseases related to heart as the question always arose-‘How can one treat the heart without stopping it and what happens if the heart is stopped?’

With the advent of new technology and mankind gaining more knowledge in this field, it no longer remains a problem and the mortality rates as a result of heart diseases have plummeted as a result.The field of medical science which takes a surgical approach to the treatment of diseases in the thorax or the chest is called cardiothoracic. Unlike cardiologists, who only diagnose the disease, it is the cardiac surgeon who actually treats the disease.

From blockage in heart valves and heart failure to even lung cancer or septal defects, the cardiac surgeon is tasked with treating all the diseases inside the thorax. This results in a widened scope of this branch which, in turn, provides more learning opportunities to prospective students. Due to complexity in its execution and high compensation, it is often a very popular choice amongst medical students. After all, there is nothing better than treating the organ which is central to life. By – Vatsal

We care about what you hear- audiologist

audiologist in delhi

Ever questioned yourself after looking at someone who can’t hear that what goes wrong with them! A layman can never find the answer to this, for finding an answer, that layman has to turn into an audiologist! Audiologists are the specialist which deals with the defects, causes and treatment of the people suffering from hearing loss. Audiologists can either work individually or they can work with some speech therapist.

There can be either a normal audiology who deals with the most common issues or there can be Clinical audiologists who specifically deals in working with variety of settings and not only that these clinical audiologists also specialize in pediatrics, geriatrics, balance, cochlear implants, hearing aids, tinnitus and some auditory processing along with the other common issues that people face which can either be genetic or sometimes acquired and one reason could be age! Among other. These Audiologists or clinical audiologists deal with various issues and some of them are listed below:

1.) These audiologists are expert in evaluating hearing to know the cause of the defect.

2.) These audiologists also deal with Counselling patients and their families and caregivers who are connected to the patients.

3.) They also help in Fitting hearing aids and giving further information to operate it.

4.) They help in Evaluating and treating balance disorders

5.) These audiologists also help in Determining an individual’s need for assistive devices

6.) They also build but Teaching communication strategies, including speech reading which can be the part of the treatment. By – Trishala

Leprosy- Losing Sensation of pain but not in a good way.

Leprosy in Delhi

One thing that all human beings fear is the sensation of pain. If asked about one superpower that a person would like to have, the answer would most likely to be the power to not feel pain. But in some cases, this ‘power’ is the worst thing that anybody could wish for. Just ask a person whose minor injuries have turned into full blown infections due to his inability to get it treated as he did not know that he had an injury. That is the case with a person infected of leprosy.

A granulomas disease caused by a bacteria Mycobacterium Leprae, it causes granules to form in the respiratory tract, eyes and skin. The body loses sensation of pain which gives rise to various secondary diseases. The adverse effects go as far as a numb limb or a loss of a body part. Weakness and poor eyesight are also some of the adverse effects of this disease.

Contrary to popular belief, leprosy, while being contagious, does not spread like wildfire. It can be transmitted only when a healthy person comes in contact with the cough or nose fluid of an infected person. Although it used to be difficult to detect leprosy in the years gone by, now, thanks to science, it has become easier to not only detect, but also treat leprosy in a better way. Diagnosis tests like DNA and treatment in the form of Multi Drug Therapy(MTD) ensure that leprosy is no longer the disease it used to be. By – Vatsal

For more info : Leprosy in Delhi